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Write the elements of a system

Element of a system:

The following key elements must be considered for a system-

  1. Outputs and inputs
  2. Processors
  3. Control
  4. Feedback
  5. Environment
  6. Boundaries and interface

Outputs and inputs: A major objective of a system is to produce and output that has a value to the users. The nature of the output must be in line with the expectations of the intended user. Inputs are the elements that enter the system for processing.

Processor(s): The processor is the element of a system that involves the actual transformation of input into output. It is the operational component of a system. Processors may modify the input totally or partially.

Control: The control element guides the system. It is the decision making subsystem that controls the pattern of activities governing input, processing and output.

Feedback: Feedback measures output against a standard in some form of cybernetic procedure that includes communication and control. Feedback may be positive or negative, routine or informational. Positive feedback reinforces the performance of the system; negative feedback generally provides the controller with information for action.

Environment: The environment is the suprasystem within an organization operates. It is the source of external elements that impinge on the system. In fact, it often determines how a system must function.

Boundaries and Interface: A system should be defined by its boundaries – the limits that identify its components, processes and interrelationships when it interfaces with another system.