Characteristics of a system:
- Central objectives
- Elements of a system
- Outputs and inputs
- Boundaries and Interface
Organization is the arrangement of components that helps to achieve objectives. It implies structure and order.
Interaction refers to the manner in which each component functions with other components of the system. For example, purchasing must interact with the production, advertising with sales etc.
Interdependence means the parts of the organization or computer system depend on one another. They are coordinated and linked together according to a plan. One subsystem depends on the input of another subsystem for proper functioning.
Integration refers to the holism of systems. Synthesis follows analysis to achieve the central objective of the organization. Integration is concerned with how a system is tied together.
Central objective is the last characteristics of a system. Objectives may be real or stated. Although stated objectives may be the real objective, it is not uncommon for an organization to state one objective and operates to achieve another.